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Politecnico di Milano

Dipartimento di Ingegneria Gestionale

P.zza Leonardo da Vinci 32 - 20133 - Milano

Voi siete qui:

Dott.ssa FRANZONI CHIARA

Ricercatore di Ruolo in Prova

Assistant Professor, School of Management, Politecnico di Milano

Co-Director of the Advanced Master in Innovation and Entrepreneurship at MIP School of Management.

In person: Office 3.05, Building BL26, Via R. Lambruschini 4b, Milan, ITALY.

Areas of specialization: science, creativity, mobility of the highly-skilled human capital, crowd science, crowdfunding, IPRs.

Executive and M.S. teaching Forecasting the adoption of radically new products; Intellectual Property Rights; patent intelligence; high-tech start-ups.

B.E. teaching Economia e Organizzazione Aziendale (TEL)

 

Current Projects

Crowd Science (with H. Sauermann). In a recent paper we defined and analyzed Crowd Science. This is a new way to organize scientific projects that makes use of volunteers (citizen scientists, gamers, hobbyists) and discloses logs and intermediate knowledge. In a follow-up study funded by the Economics of Knowledge Contribution and Distribution Program of the Sloan Foundation in collaboration with the Zooniverse Project we are investigating the patterns of crowd dynamics, with a focus on enduring participation and dropout. Part of the results and the related data will be published in a forthcoming article in PNAS. Several results would be applicable more generally to all kinds of crowd interactions, beyond the realm of science.

Crowdfunding (with C. Rossi-Lamastra and M.G. Colombo). In a new article in press in Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice we find evidence that the social capital that proponents builds internally to the crowdfunding community is critical to succeed in the early days of a funding campaign, and thereby leverage capital later on. We interpret this as evidence of reciprocity norms. The reward types that allow a donor to be part of the developer community turn-out more useful than any other type of reward. Those that give contributors peer-to-peer recognition seem to be ineffective or nearly so. We are currently exploring the role of reputation and that of ethical orientation in crowdfunding.

Global Science (GlobSci) (with G. Scellato and P. Stephan). We are analyzing 19 thousand responses from a survey to scientists in 16 countries and 4 fields of science. Statistics on the international composition of the workforce in the 16 countries were published in Nature Biotechnology. In a second paper appeared in Economic Letters, we find evidence that the foreign-born perform at a higher level compared to the domestic scientists and the performance differential is robust to instrumenting for selection into migration (by means of migration in childhood). In a third paper we have found that mobile scientists are more inclined to establish international networks. A sizeable share of foreign born collaborate with researchers located in their country of origin and migrants are also likely to collaborate with individuals from their home country who are working or studying in a third country (diaspora effect). Evidence on the competition of countries to attract international PhD and post-doc students has been presented at the NBER Workshop on High Skill Immigration (October 2012). We are currently working at ethnic composition of research teams.

 

Journal articles (selected)

- Sauermann, Henry, and Franzoni, Chiara. Contribution Patterns in Crowd Science: Quantitative Evidence from Multiple Projects. PNAS, forthcoming.

- Colombo, Massimo G., Franzoni, Chiara, and Cristina, Rossi-Lamastra. Internal Social Capital and the Attraction of Early Contributions in Crowdfunding. Forthcoming in Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, January 2015, 39(1). DOI:10.1111/etap.12118. [paper]

- Franzoni, Chiara, Scellato, Giuseppe, and Paula, Staphan. Migrant Scientists and International Networks. Research Policy, forthcoming. [paper]

- Colombo, Massimo G., Franzoni, Chiara, and Veugelers, Reinhilde. Going Radical: Producing and Transferring Disruptive Innovation. Forthcoming in the Journal of Technology Transfer, DOI:10.1007/s10961-014-9361-z. [paper]

- Franzoni, Chiara, Scellato, Giuseppe, and Paula, Stephan. The Mover's Advantage: The Superior Performance of Migrant Scientists. Economics Letters, 122:89–93, 2014. [paper]

- Mohammadi, Ali, and Chiara, Franzoni. Inventor's Knowledge Set as the Antecedent of Patent Value. Industry & Innovation, 21(1):65-87, 2014. [paper]

- Franzoni, Chiara, and Henry, Sauermann. Crowd Science: The Organization of Scientific Research in Open Collaborative Projects. Research Policy, 43(1):1-20, 2014. [paper open access]

- Forti, Enrico, Franzoni Chiara, and Maurizio, Sobrero. Bridges or Isolates? Investigating Social Networks of Academic Inventors. Research Policy, 42(8):1378-1388, 2013. [paper]

- Franzoni, Chiara, Scellato, Giuseppe, and Paula, Stephan. Foreign Born Scientists:  Mobility Patterns for Sixteen Countries. Nature Biotechnology, 30(12):1250-1253, 2012. [paper]  

- Franzoni, Chiara, Scellato, Giuseppe, and Paula, Stephan. Changing Incentives to Publish. Science, August 5 2011, 333, 702. [publisher] [article reprint]

- Antonelli, Cristiano, Franzoni, Chiara, and Aldo, Geuna. The Organisation, Economics and Policy of Scientific Research. What do we know and what we don’t. Industrial and Corporate Change, 20(1):201-213, 2011. [paper]

- Franzoni, Chiara, and Giuseppe, Scellato. The grace period in international patent law and its effects on the timing of disclosure. Research Policy, 39:200-213, 2010. (with G. Scellato). [paper]

- Franzoni, Chiara, Simpkins, Christopher L., Baoli, Li, and Ashwin, Ram. Using Content Analysis to Investigate the Research Paths Chosen by Scientists Over Time, Scientometrics, 83(1):321-335, 2010. (with Simpkins C.L., Li B. and Ram A.). [paper]

- Franzoni, Chiara. Do Scientists Get Fundamental Research Ideas by Solving Practical Problems?, Industrial and Corporate Change, 18:671-699, 2009. Emerald Citation of Excellence 2009. [preprint]

- Calderini, Mario, Franzoni, Chiara, and Andrea Vezzulli. The Unequal Benefits of Academic Patenting for Science and Engineering Research, IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 56(1):16-30, 2009. [paper]

- Calderini, Mario, Franzoni, Chiara, and Andrea Vezzulli. If Star Scientists Do Not Patent. The Effect of Productivity, Basicness and Impact on the Decision to Patent in the Academic World, Research Policy, 36(3):303-319, 2007. [paper]

- Franzoni, Chiara. Opportunity recognition in technology transfer organizations. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 3(1):51-67, 2007. [paper]

 

Working papers

- Sauermann, Henry, and Franzoni, Chiara. Participation dynamics in crowd-based knowledge production: The scope and sustainability of interest-based motivation. [ssrn working paper]. Winner of the 2014 DRUID Conference Best Paper Award.

- Buttice', Vincenzo, Colombo, Massimo G, Franzoni, Chiara, and Cristina, Rossi-Lamastra. Signaling to the crowd: Heterogeneous tastes and the response to reputational signals in film crowdfunding. 

- Franzoni, Chiara, and Cristina, Rossi-Lamastra. Ethical consumerism in the co-creation and co-financing era. Evidence from crowdfunded projects.

- Stephan, Paula, Franzoni, Chiara and Giuseppe, Scellato. Choice of Country by the Foreign Born for PhD and Postdoctoral Study: A Sixteen-Country Perspective. NBER Working paper number 18809.

- Franzoni, Chiara, and Cristina Rossi-Lamastra. Academic tenure and the diversification of research themes by scientists: Evidence from a new methodology.

 

Book Chapters

- Stephan, Paula E., Franzoni, Chiara, and Giuseppe, Scellato. International Competition for PhDs and Postdoctoral Scholars:  What Does (and Does Not) Matter (with P. Stephan and G. Scellato). Forthcoming in NBER Innovation Policy and the Economy, Volume 15. 2014, University of Chicago Press.

- Franzoni, Chiara, and Francesco, Lissoni. Academic entrepreneurship: critical issues and lessons for Europe” in Varga A. (Ed.), Edward Elgar, pp.163-190, Cheltenham (UK), 2009, ISBN 9781845429317. [book chapter]

- Calderini, Mario, and Franzoni, Chiara. Patenting in Public Research: an evidence-based reflection on IPR and the basic-applied trade-off in Santangelo G.D. (Ed.), The Nature of Technological Change and the Role of Science and Multinationals in Catching-up Processes, Edward Elgar, pp.59-71, Cheltenham (UK), 2005 ISBN 1845424824.

 

Press coverage of research

Nature jobs, December 4, 2013

Courrier International (Le Monde), April 22, 2013

Die Zeit, April 18, 2013

Corriere della Sera, October 28, 2012

Nature, October 18, 2012

IEEE Spectrum, September 22, 2012

Times Higher Education, May 24, 2012

Inside Higher Education, May 15, 2012

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  • Applied Economics

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  • Industrial and Innovation Economics

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